Bio-organic fertiliser is a combination of organic and inorganic elements that are obtained from animals and plants. These two sources provide all the required nutrients to the plants; therefore they are considered natural fertilisers. The use of bio-organic manure in vegetable gardening has been promoted for many years now due to its many benefits. The use of bio-organic manure as a fertiliser provides the plants with multiple benefits such as increased growth, better yield, and quality of produce. The following are some ways in which bio-organic manure helps to increase vegetable gardening:
The use of organic matter is known to improve the soil structure by loosening and aeration the soil. This increased air supply into the soil leads to better growth in plants as they have an adequate supply of oxygen for respiration and absorption of carbon dioxide.
Bio-organic fertilisers encourages the growth of many organisms that are beneficial for the growth of plants. The microbes, fungi, and other micro-organisms in bio-organic manure help to decompose materials in the soil as well as break down nutrients present in it. These organisms aid and improve the natural mechanisms involved in nutrient cycling between living organisms and dead matter. This leads to better nutrition of plants grown through the soil enriched with the use of bio-organic manure.
The presence of microbes and other organisms in the bio-organic fertiliser helps process organic matter present in it. These microorganisms break down complex organic compounds into simple molecules that are easily absorbed by plants for use as nutrients. The high rate of decomposition of organic matter in bio-organic manure leads to a better supply of nutrients that can be easily absorbed by plant roots.
Using bio-organic fertiliser also helps with water conservation. The roots absorb nutrients from the surrounding soil, however as a result they lose water through osmosis. The better use of water by the plants grown through bio-organic manure results in less loss of water from the roots and hence the need to make frequent watering.
This helps save on water because a decrease in the amount of watering means that there is lesser evaporation. Lesser evaporated moisture also leads to more efficient use of water by plants.
Applying bio-organic fertilisers helps reduce diseases and pest attacks in plants as they have a natural immune system due to the presence of microorganisms. The high microbial activity in bio-organic fertilizer makes it difficult for pathogens or other harmful organisms to grow. This decreases the need for pesticides and fungicides that can be harmful to the environment, plants, and humans